A security guard can ask for the ID

Security guards are private security agents who fulfill functions of prevention and protection of people and property. Surveillance is an essential function of security guards, and for this they must be attentive to everything that happens around them. One of its main functions is to control the access of people to a building or a specific area.

Therefore, if a person wants to enter an area controlled by a security guard, it is normal for him to ask him to show his documentation. In this case, the most common thing is that he asks you to show him your ID.

However, it must be taken into account that the security guard can only ask for the ID in certain situations. Specifically, he can only do so when the person wants to access a restricted area or when there is some kind of well-founded suspicion that the person may be committing some kind of crime.

Therefore, if a security guard asks for your ID and you do not want to show it, you are not obliged to do so. You will only be obliged to show it if the person is committing some type of crime or if the area in which you are located is a restricted area.


Who has the right to request the DNI?

The right to request the DNI is regulated in article 20.4 of the Criminal Code, which states that "the public official who, in the exercise of his functions, has reasonable grounds to suspect that the person presented is the author of a crime, You may require it to identify yourself.

The identification will be made by means of the national identity document, the passport or other official documents that prove the identity of the person, according to section 2 of the same article.

However, the Criminal Code establishes a series of exceptions in article 20.5, which states that "it will not be mandatory to provide the documentation provided for in the previous section in the case of people who are defenseless or seriously ill makes their mobility impossible, as well as when the person is in a place where they cannot be located by the State security forces and bodies".

Therefore, the right to request the DNI is not absolute, but is subject to a series of limitations that take into account the status of the person for whom the document is required.

When can they ask for your ID?

In Spain, the National Identity Document (DNI) is the only official document that certifies a person's identity and nationality. It is a personal and non-transferable document, so it can only be used by its owner.

The DNI can be requested by any person, authority or company at any time and place, both in Spain and abroad. However, in some specific cases the request for the DNI may not be mandatory.

Some of the cases in which the DNI can be requested are detailed below:

  • When carrying out any administrative procedure.
  • When requesting a public service.
  • When taking out insurance.
  • When opening a bank account.
  • When making a purchase with a credit or debit card.
  • When traveling to any country, since it is the only official document that certifies Spanish identity and nationality.

In the case of minors, the DNI can be requested from the age of 14, although it is not mandatory. As of this age, minors can request the DNI on their own or, in the case of minors under 18 years of age, with the consent of their parents or guardians.

What can't a security guard do?

  • May not be armed with a firearm
  • Cannot be armed with a bladed weapon
  • Cannot be armed with any other type of weapon
  • You cannot carry out illegal activities
  • You cannot accept bribes
  • You may not use force
  • You can't hurt people
  • can't steal
  • Cannot commit acts of violence

How should a security guard be identified?

Security guards are people who work to protect other people, property or facilities. Their job is to prevent theft, assault or damage from happening, and if they do, act to minimize the damage and help the police catch the culprits. In order to do their job effectively, security guards must be able to identify and act on dangerous situations. They must be familiar with security rules and procedures, and must be able to communicate effectively with other guards and security personnel.

Security guards must carry an identification that identifies them as such. This identification must be visible and must bear the name and photograph of the guard. You must also indicate the name of the company for which the security guard works and the telephone number of the company. The ID should be made of a strong material, such as plastic, to prevent it from being easily lost or broken. Security guards must always carry their identification with them, and must show it at the request of any person.

Security guards must also wear a uniform that identifies them as such. The uniform must be of a color that is easily visible, and must be clean and in good repair. The uniform must bear the name and logo of the company for which the guard works, and must be made of a resistant material. Shoes must be comfortable and have non-slip soles to avoid accidents. Security guards must always wear their full uniform, and must be willing to show their identification at the request of anyone.

A ruling by the Superior Court of Justice of Catalonia (TSJC) has established that private security guards can require citizens to show them their national identity document (DNI), even if they are not committing any offence. This sentence has been pronounced in the case of a person who was asked by a security guard to show him his ID at the entrance of a shopping center in Terrassa, and who refused to do so.

The TSJC ruling establishes that private security guards have the duty to prevent access to the premises to those who do not show their identification, and that this identification can be the DNI, although other types of documentation would also be accepted.

In the specific case, the court has acquitted the security guard, since it considers that he acted correctly when requesting identification from the client, and that he refused to show it without justification.

The TSJC ruling establishes that private security guards have the duty to prevent access to the premises to those who do not show their identification, and that this identification can be the DNI, although other types of documentation would also be accepted.

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Cameron Birdie Evie

My name is Cameron Birdie Evie and I am passionate about writing.I have written all articles with passion and dedication.

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