I can enter the university without taking selectivity
The selectivity is an exam that is taken at the end of ESO and that is used to gain access to the university. However, there are other ways to access the university, such as through an access test for people over 25 years of age or for people with a Baccalaureate certificate.
How can I access the university without selectivity?
Currently, in Spain, there are different ways to access the university without having to do Selectividad. These are some of them:
- By opposition: This is a selection process that consists of a series of theoretical and/or practical tests. The places are assigned to the candidates who have obtained the best score in the tests.
- By transfer competition: It consists of the transfer of an official from one public administration to another. In this case, the civil servant must have a bachelor's degree or equivalent to be eligible for a place at the university.
- By merit contest: This is a selection process in which the candidate's academic record is assessed. The places are assigned to the candidates who have obtained the best score in the file.
What can be studied without selectivity
Although in Spain the selectivity is usually studied to be able to access the university, there are many courses that can be taken without taking this test. Some examples are:
- Computer science technicians
- Technicians in air conditioning and refrigeration installations
- Vehicle maintenance technicians
- Intermediate training cycles
- University master's degrees
In general, technical education and intermediate training cycles do not require selectivity, since they can be taken directly after having obtained the Bachelor's degree. However, to study a university master's degree, it is usually necessary to have passed the selectivity.
What happens if I do not pass the Selectivity
If the test is not passed, they can take the exams again. If you fail to pass on the second attempt, you can go to an adult training center to obtain the ESO or baccalaureate degree. You can also study a training cycle of middle or higher grade.
In any case, not passing the Selectividad does not mean that you cannot study a university degree. There are numerous university access programs for people over 25, 45 or even 45 years old . Some of these programs require an entrance test, but in most cases it is enough to present an academic and professional record.
In the case of foreign students, not passing the Selectividad is not a problem for studying in Spain. There are international mobility programs that allow students from European Union countries to study in Spain without having to pass the Selectividad.
Finally, you can also study a university degree abroad. In this case, most universities require a bachelor's degree or the Selectividad certificate, but there are international mobility programs that allow students from European Union countries to study in Spain without having to pass the Selectividad.
What is needed to enter the university
A high school diploma or equivalent certification is required to enter university. Admission tests, such as the SAT or ACT, are also required. Some universities also require an admission essay. Students must also have a good grade in their courses and a good recommendation letter from a professor.
In Spain, access to university education is governed by Royal Decree 99/2011 , which establishes three ways to enroll in a public university:
- Pass the University Access Test (PAU)
- Pass an Access Test for Over 25s (PAM)
- Pass an Access Test for Over 40s (PAM40)
The University Access Test (PAU) , also known as Selectividad , is the exam that is taken at the end of Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) in order to access university education.
However, and although it is not well known, Royal Decree 99/2011 establishes that there are other ways to access university education that do not go through the Selectividad.
Thus, for example, if you are over 25 years old, you can pass the Access Test for Over 25s (PAM) . This is an exam very similar to the Selectivity exam, but adapted to the knowledge of those over 25 years of age .
In the same way, if you are over 40 you can pass the Access Test for People Over 40 (PAM40) . It is an exam in which the knowledge acquired by the student throughout his life is valued .
In short, if you can't pass the Selectividad or you don't want to do it, don't worry. There are other ways to study a university degree .
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