In what year did the eso begin to be implemented?
Compulsory secondary education (ESO) is the first cycle of non-university secondary education in Spain. It begins at 12 or 13 years of age and ends at 16 or 17, although students can choose to take one more year, which is called Baccalaureate.
When was the ESO
The ESO was launched in 1968, with the aim of offering a quality secondary education to all young people in Spain.
Since then, ESO has evolved to adapt to the needs of students and the labor market, offering increasingly complete and quality training.
Currently, ESO is a compulsory stage of secondary education that is taught in all the autonomous communities of Spain.
If you want to know more about ESO, consult the official curriculum (in English).
When did you change from EGB to ESO?
In Spain, the change from EGB to ESO occurred in the year 2000, with the entry into force of Royal Decree 1513/2000, of December 21, which establishes the basic curriculum of Compulsory Secondary Education . This decree meant an important change in the Spanish educational system, which went from a model based on EGB to another in which ESO prevailed.
The EGB was the educational system in force in Spain until the year 2000. It was a highly criticized educational model, since it was considered that it did not adequately prepare students for the world of work. In addition, the EGB was not compulsory throughout the national territory, which caused great inequalities among students.
For its part, ESO is a compulsory education system for all Spanish youth between the ages of 12 and 16. It is a more complex educational stage than the EGB, since students must take more advanced and complex subjects. The ESO aims to prepare students for the world of work and for access to university.
The change from EGB to ESO represented an important advance in the Spanish educational system. It is a more complete and demanding educational model, which allows students to acquire the knowledge and skills necessary for the world of work.
When did you go from EGB to primary school?
The Basic General School (EGB) was an educational system in Spain that lasted from 1970 to 1987, the year in which the LOE (Organic Law of Education) was introduced, which established compulsory education up to 16 years of age. The EGB was divided into two stages: the primary, which covered the first six years of education, and the secondary, which included the last three years of the EGB and the first three of secondary education. As of 1987, with the LOE, compulsory education became five years in primary education and three years in secondary education.
The EGB was characterized by greater curricular and methodological flexibility than the previous primary education. New subjects were introduced, such as Physical Education, Visual and Plastic Education, and the teaching of languages was encouraged. In the secondary stage, new subjects such as Home Economics, Technology or Religion were introduced, which were taught optionally.
The EGB had a duration of ten years, and extended from 1970 to 1987, the year in which the LOE (Organic Law of Education) was introduced, which established the compulsory nature of education up to 16 years of age. As of 1987, with the LOE, compulsory education in Spain became five years in primary education and three years in secondary education.
What was ESO called before?
ESO was previously called EGB, which means Basic General Education. The EGB was in force from 1970 to 1987, when the ESO was introduced.
The EGB was divided into three cycles:
- Cycle I: from 6 to 9 years (Infant Education and 1st, 2nd and 3rd of the EGB)
- Cycle II: from 9 to 12 years (4th, 5th and 6th of the EGB)
- Cycle III: from 12 to 15 years old (1st, 2nd and 3rd of ESO)
Currently, ESO is divided into two cycles:
- Cycle 1: from 12 to 14 years old (1st and 2nd ESO)
- Cycle 2: from 14 to 16 years old (3rd and 4th of ESO)
Education is a constant process that adapts to the new needs of society. The implementation of that took place in 2002, in response to new educational demands. Since then, it has been adapted to improve the quality of education and make it more accessible to all young people.
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