Order given to a computer program
A computer program is a set of instructions or a series of steps that are followed to do a task. They can be used to make calculations, to carry out a specific process, or to manipulate data. For a program to work, it must be given a command or a series of instructions.
What is given to a computer program
A computer program is a sequence of instructions that is executed by a computer to perform a specific task. Programs are usually written in a high-level programming language that can be read and understood by humans. However, the program must be translated into a form that can be understood by the computer, which is usually done by a compiler or an interpreter.
Computer programs can be divided into two categories: system software and application software. System software is responsible for managing the computer's hardware and software resources, and it includes the operating system and utilities. Application software consists of programs that perform specific tasks for the user, such as word processing, web browsing, and playing games.
What are the 4 steps in developing a program
Understanding the requirements
The first step in developing a program is understanding what the customer or end user needs. This can be achieved by conducting interviews, document analysis and user observation.
Once the requirements are understood, the next step is to analyze them in detail to identify what the program needs to do. The scope of the program, constraints, and non-functional requirements must be taken into account.
In this step, a plan for the program is created. You decide which algorithms and data structures to use, and start writing the code.
Testing and debugging
The last step is to make sure that the program works correctly. Tests are carried out to verify the behavior of the program in different environments and the errors found are corrected.
What is order in programming?
In programming, order is the way instructions are presented and executed in a program. The order is important because it determines what happens when the program runs. The instructions must be executed in the correct order for the program to work correctly.
For example, in a program to add two numbers, the first instruction should be to read the numbers from the user. If the second instruction is to add the numbers, the program will not work correctly, because there will be no numbers to add. Instead, if the first instruction is to add the numbers, and the second instruction is to read the user's numbers, the program will work correctly.
Therefore, the order in which instructions are presented in a program is very important. Programmers must ensure that the instructions are in the correct order for the program to work correctly.
What are the components of a program
There are many components of a program, but some of the most important are:
- Source Code: Source code is the code that the programmer writes. This code becomes the executable program by the compiler.
- Executable – The executable is the compiled program that can be run on a computer. The user executes this file to use the program.
- Libraries: Libraries are files that contain code that can be used by the program. These libraries can be source code or object code. Source code libraries must be compiled before the program can reference them. The object code libraries are already compiled and are ready to be linked to the executable.
A computer program runs on a computer following a series of predetermined steps. These steps can be represented graphically as a flowchart.
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