The Spanish constitution of 1978 characteristics and structure
The Spanish constitution of 1978 characteristics and structure indicates that Spain is constituted in a social and democratic state of law and in a nation united by the same history, the same values and the same goals.
The Spanish constitution of 1978 characteristics and structure also indicates that national sovereignty resides in the Spanish people, from whom the powers of the State emanate.
What are the main characteristics of the 1978 Constitution?
The 1978 Constitution was the first democratic Constitution in Spain, after the Franco dictatorship. He established a democratic system of government and recognized the rights and freedoms of citizens. The Constitution also established the institutions of the State, such as the Parliament, the Government and the Constitutional Court, and established the basic principles of the territorial organization of the State.
The 1978 Constitution was drafted by a democratically elected Constituent Assembly, and was ratified by referendum in December 1978. Since then, it has been amended several times, most recently in 2011.
The main characteristics of the 1978 Constitution are the following:
- Established a Democratic System of Government – The Constitution established a democratic system of government, in which power resides with the people and is exercised through their democratically elected representatives.
- Recognized the rights and freedoms of citizens : the Constitution recognized the rights and freedoms of citizens, such as the right to life, liberty, equality, security, privacy and private property.
- It established the institutions of the State : the Constitution established the institutions of the State, such as Parliament, the Government and the Constitutional Court, and established the basic principles of the territorial organization of the State.
- It was made by a democratically elected Constituent Assembly : The Constitution was made by a democratically elected Constituent Assembly, and was ratified by referendum in December 1978.
- It has been amended several times – The Constitution has been amended several times, most recently in 2011.
What structure does the Spanish Constitution of 1978 have?
The Spanish Constitution of 1978 is a legal document that establishes the basic laws and norms that govern the functioning of the Spanish state. The constitution is divided into six titles, which are further subdivided into articles. The titles focus on the following topics:
- The rights and duties of citizens
- The form of government
- Relations between the state and the Catholic Church
- The territorial organization of the state
- The economy and public finances
- Constitutional Provisions
The constitution also establishes a series of mechanisms to protect the fundamental rights of citizens, as well as to guarantee the democratic functioning of the state.
How is your constitution structure
The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States of America. It was proclaimed on September 17, 1787, in order to replace the United States Confederation, which had been created on March 4, 1781. The United States Constitution was ratified by the states on June 21, 1788 and was entered into force July 4, 1788. The Constitution stems from a long tradition of English constitutionalism and the experience of American colonists with representative forms of government.
The United States Constitution establishes the framework of federal government of the United States and defines the powers and duties of the federal government and the states. It also protects the fundamental rights of United States citizens. The Constitution is made up of seven articles and one amendment. The articles establish the federal government and its powers, as well as the relations between the federal government and the states. The Bill of Rights Amendment protects the fundamental rights of United States citizens.
The Constitution of the United States is a short and concise document. However, it has been the subject of extensive interpretation by the United States Supreme Court and other courts. The Constitution has been flexibly interpreted to accommodate changes in society and government. The Constitution has also been expanded through the adoption of amendments. The original Constitution has not been changed since its adoption in 1788.
What are the fundamental principles of the Spanish Constitution?
The Spanish Constitution of 1978 was approved by referendum on December 6, 1978 and promulgated on December 27. The Constitution establishes a regime of parliamentary Monarchy and is based on the following principles:
- Principle of legality : All people are subject to the Constitution and the laws, without there being any discrimination based on birth, race, sex, religion, opinion or any other condition or personal or social circumstance.
- Principle of equality : All Spaniards are equal before the law.
- Principle of dignity of the person : The dignity of the person is inviolable. Life is protected from the moment of conception and all rights in terms of physical, mental and moral integrity are guaranteed.
- Principle of freedom : Every person has the right to freedom, to privacy, to one's own image and to the inviolability of the home.
- Principle of responsibility : Every person is responsible for their actions.
- Principle of plurality : The right to ideological plurality and freedom of thought, conscience and religion is recognized and guaranteed.
- Principle of solidarity : Solidarity with the other members of the national community is established as a moral duty of all Spaniards.
The Constitution also recognizes the fundamental rights of citizens, among which are the rights to life, liberty, equality, security, privacy, self-image, the inviolability of the home, education, health, religious freedom, freedom of expression, freedom of assembly and freedom of association, among others.
The Spanish constitution of 1978 was the first democratic constitution in Spain and was characterized by establishing a parliamentary monarchy, the separation of powers, national sovereignty, the unity of the Spanish nation and the recognition of the fundamental rights of citizens. The constitution also established the model of social and democratic State of law and recognized the right to autonomy of the nationalities and regions of Spain.
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