What do you have to do to become a legal expert?
In Spain, the judicial expert is a figure regulated by article 324 of the Civil Procedure Law (LEC). According to this precept, the judicial expert is a technical specialist in a certain matter, appointed by the Judge or Court so that, in the context of a process, he makes an expert opinion on any of the relevant aspects of the lawsuit.
To access the role of judicial expert, the interested party is required to prove to the Judge or Court that they have the appropriate academic and/or professional qualification, as well as the specific technical knowledge for the requested expert opinion. However, the Judge or Court may dispense with this academic and/or professional degree in certain cases, taking into account the special nature of the matter on which the expert opinion will deal.
Once the Judge or Court appoints the expert and the appointment is accepted, he must swear or promise, as appropriate, fidelity to the Constitution and loyalty to the Judge or Court.
How much does an expert in the Judiciary earn?
The remuneration of a judicial expert is a highly variable matter, which depends on various factors such as the place where the service is provided, the seniority of the expert, the specialty in which he specializes, etc. However, according to data from the website of the Judiciary, the base salary of a judicial expert in Spain is approximately 1,600 euros per month.
The function of a legal expert is to issue a technical opinion on a specific issue, so that the judge can make a decision based on an objective and professional analysis. On many occasions, the judicial expert is the only person qualified to provide an expert vision on a specific matter.
For example, in a trial for a traffic accident, the judicial expert must issue an opinion on the causes of the accident and the corresponding responsibilities. In other types of trials, the judicial expert may be required to issue an opinion on the authenticity of a work of art, on the characteristics of a property, etc.
The figure of the judicial expert is, therefore, essential for the proper functioning of justice, and for this reason a great preparation and a high level of specialization are required of them. Not in vain, to be a judicial expert it is necessary to have a university degree or a bachelor's degree in the corresponding specialty, as well as extensive professional experience in the sector.
Who can be an expert in a trial?
In a trial, an expert is a person who has special knowledge in an area relevant to the case and who can provide valuable information to the court. Expert witnesses must be impartial and impartial and therefore must not have a vested interest in the outcome of the trial.
Although an expert witness is not required to be an expert in the law, they must be able to explain their opinion clearly and concisely. In some cases, the court may appoint an expert to attend a preliminary hearing to assess whether the expert is competent to provide relevant and useful information.
Expert witnesses generally charge for their services and must be compensated by the court. However, in some cases, an expert witness may serve on a voluntary basis.
There are many different types of expert witnesses, and the court may request an expert opinion in any area relevant to the case. Some of the more common types of adjusters include experts in accounting, marketing research, data analysis, medicine, psychology, and criminology.
Who can be an expert in Chile
In Chile, an expert is a person judicially appointed so that, by virtue of their specialized knowledge, they carry out an expert opinion and give an expert opinion in a judicial case. Its function is to advise the judge on those technical aspects of the matter of the cause that exceed the level of ordinary knowledge of the latter. The expert can be appointed by both the Judge and the parties.
To be an expert, it is required:
- Be of legal age and native or naturalized Chilean.
- Not suffer legal impediment to exercise a public function.
- Have the technical suitability required for the requested expert opinion, which will be accredited by means of a certificate issued by a professional association or competent official body.
To designate an expert, the Judge or the parties must specify:
- The required technical specialty.
- The way in which the suitability of the expert will be accredited.
- The place where the expertise will take place.
- The term in which the expert opinion will be rendered.
Once the expert has been appointed, he must render an expert opinion in accordance with the specifications given by the Judge or the parties. The expert opinion must be delivered to the Judge and to the parties within the established term, and must be presented at a public hearing for discussion.
The expert will be entitled to receive a fee for his expert opinion, which will be set by the Judge in the resolution that appoints the expert. This fee will be paid by the party that requested the expertise.
What do you have to do to be a forensic expert?
There are several ways to become a forensic expert, although most require higher education in forensic science or a related field. Some careers that can be useful for this profession are criminology, psychology, biology and medicine. A great deal of experience in the field of criminal investigation is also required.
To be a forensic expert, it is necessary to be able to analyze evidence and findings in an objective and impartial manner. Forensic experts must be able to work under pressure and in stressful environments. They must also be very meticulous and have good communication skills.
To be a legal expert, you have to study a university degree in Forensic Sciences or Legal Medicine . It is also necessary to take a specialization course for legal experts , which lasts three years.
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