With political asylum you can work in Spain
Since Spain's Law on Asylum and International Protection was approved in 2015, asylum seekers have the right to work in Spain during the application process.
This right is granted to all asylum seekers, regardless of their country of origin or their personal situation. However, there are some limitations to be aware of.
When can an asylum seeker work in Spain?
In Spain, asylum seekers have the right to work from the moment they submit their asylum application. However, the work permit issued to them is only valid for one year and must be renewed annually. After obtaining refugee status, the asylum seeker may obtain a work permit indefinitely.
In order to work in Spain, the asylum seeker must apply for a work permit at the Immigration Office of the province in which they reside. To do this, they must present the following documents:
- Application for work permit.
- Document accrediting residence in Spain (residence card or certificate of registration of foreigners).
- Documentation accrediting the application for asylum or refugee status.
Once the application has been submitted, the Immigration Office will have a period of three months to issue the work permit. If after this period the permit has not been issued, the asylum seeker may file an appeal before the Superior Court of Justice of the corresponding Autonomous Community.
How old is political asylum in Spain?
In Spain, political asylum lasts for five years. At the end of this period, the refugee can request the renewal of the asylum permit or permanent residence.
Political asylum is an internationally recognized right that aims to protect people persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, belonging to a certain social group or political opinion.
In Spain, political asylum is regulated by the Asylum and Refuge Law, which establishes the conditions for a person to access this right.
To obtain political asylum in Spain, the applicant must prove that in their country of origin they are being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, belonging to a certain social group or political opinion.
Political asylum lasts for five years, at the end of which the refugee can request the renewal of the asylum permit or permanent residence.
How to work with political asylum?
Political asylum is a right protected by international law and by many countries. It is granted to those people who cannot return to their country of origin due to a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, participation in a social group or political opinion.
In order to obtain political asylum, a person must apply to the immigration authorities of a country and demonstrate that they meet the requirements. If the application is approved, the person will receive a temporary or permanent residence permit, depending on the country. In some cases, political asylum may be granted on a provisional basis while the case is being evaluated.
People seeking political asylum must be willing to provide proof of persecution they have suffered or fear of persecution. The documents that can be presented include witness testimony, official documents or newspapers that talk about the situation in the country of origin.
The decision to grant or not to grant political asylum is often very complicated and can take a long time. Immigration authorities have to consider many factors, such as the situation in the country of origin, the applicant's specific circumstances, and the risk they would face upon returning to their country.
In some countries, political asylum is automatically granted to those fleeing countries at war or in a state of emergency. In other countries, applications are evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
Although political asylum is a right protected by law, many people around the world cannot access it. Some countries do not have political asylum laws or do not comply with them. Other countries place restrictions on who can apply for political asylum, making it very difficult for people who really need it.
What benefits does a person who requests asylum in Spain have?
A person who requests asylum in Spain has the right to:
- Request asylum before the Spanish authorities.
- Request international protection from the Spanish authorities.
- Reside in Spain provisionally until your request is resolved.
- Work in Spain if certain conditions are met.
- Study in Spain.
- Circulate freely throughout Spanish territory.
- Request family protection.
- Access to social services and public health.
Since the reform of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, was approved, access to the labor market has been facilitated for people who have political asylum in Spain. Until now, the process to work with this type of permit was more complicated and required, in addition to asylum, a specific residence and work authorization, which could only be obtained if a job offer linked to the protection granted was accredited. Now, with the new regulations, people with political asylum have a residence and work permit automatically and there is no need for a prior job offer, which is a great improvement for these people.
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